The foundation of the hottest instrument industry

2022-08-07
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According to the experts who participated in the survey, instrumentation is a high-tech industry, and China mostly relies on the advantage of low labor cost in industrial development, which is difficult to play a role in the instrumentation industry. They believe that there are several reasons for the gap between China's instruments and meters and foreign countries. The operating mechanism of Chinese enterprises can not fully meet the requirements of the development of market economy. In the process of development, a number of key enterprises invested by the state are facing a severe situation of aging products and loss of technical personnel. After restructuring, although they have improved their production and operation, their scientific and technological innovation ability is still insufficient; A number of private enterprises with innovative mechanisms and flexible operation are gradually becoming new highlights. However, the vast majority of enterprises are small and medium-sized enterprises, and most of them have not mastered advanced core technologies, with few innovation achievements, and can not compete with large foreign companies

first of all, the country's overall system and policies for the organic integration of production, learning and research have not been formed, the transformation rate of innovation achievements is low, and the technology application is poor. At the early stage of reform and opening up, there was a big gap between the instrument industry and foreign countries. Enterprises generally sought out new materials for sand prevention and control such as technology, which also solved the difficult source of sandstorm disasters faced by the Qinghai Tibet railway. Although there have been changes recently, some enterprises have come to the fore, but on the whole, there are few enterprises that have combined the achievements of independent innovation and application well. The growth of large enterprises is difficult

there are many scientific research achievements involving measurement and control technology and related instruments in China's scientific research institutions, but their practicability is poor. The research on relevant production and manufacturing technologies, especially core process technologies, is not deep enough, the workload of secondary development is large, and the conversion rate of achievements is low. High and medium-level instrument products and systems involve in-depth application technologies in different fields. Foreign enterprises have professional departments and experienced application talents, while Chinese instrument enterprises are often unfamiliar with the efforts of large-scale engineering workers to increase the utilization and implementation of new material products, and lack the integration ability of application technologies. Therefore, it is difficult to produce high-end products

secondly, there is a lack of a strong national research support system. The instrument industry has many varieties and small batches, which requires long-term and unremitting investment. However, at present, the investment channels of the state are scattered, and it is difficult to concentrate on the key points. Enterprises can neither participate in competition completely according to the rules of market economy like foreign enterprises, nor lack strategic investment in research resources. At the same time, the market environment required by the marketization of new technologies has not been improved

experts say, "Due to the failure to straighten out the system and mechanism, China's instrumentation industry in 2014 was naturally short of high-level compound talents and comprehensive talents who are familiar with and proficient in the intersection of various disciplines. Instrument Science and technology not only covers a wide range of disciplines, but also only those who can discover, utilize and integrate the latest scientific and technological achievements such as various new principles, new concepts, new technologies, new materials and new processes as soon as possible can design and manufacture a world-class Flow measurement control and instrumentation products. Talent shortage will naturally affect the development of the industry. This is undoubtedly an important reason for the gap between domestic instruments and imported products

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